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The evolution of discourse of information-knowledge society in Iran

Faculty of World Studies, Tehran University - 8/23/2016  12:00 AM

The second meeting of the UNESCO Chair of Cyberspace and Culture: Dual-Spacization of the World held:

The evolution of discourse of information-knowledge society in Iran

The second meeting of the series of "UNESCO Chair in Cyberspace and Culture: Dual-Spacization of the World " as "The evolution of discourse of information-knowledge society in Iran: A study on the evolution of discourse policies of information and communication technologies (ICT) ", was held on 23th August by speech of Dr.Zohreh Shahghasemi, a member of culture and communication academic center for educational, cultural and research, branch of Allameh Tabataba’i.

At the beginning of meeting with the presence of professors and students held at the UNESCO Chair in the Faculty of World Studies, the visiting professor of Allameh Tababtabae'i university, Shahghasemi said: Since the 1990s, the development of information and communication technologies and the Information Society have been one of the most important issues of policy-making at national, regional and international levels.

She added that with the advancement of information and communication technologies and its application expansion in different fields of social, political, economic, cultural and educational, policymaking and planning approaches to use this technology and its development has changed.

“This change indicates that not only policy-making is required for the development of the information society, but also the policy-making must be to a society that has passed the stage of development of technology and its goal is to obtain desirable qualities of life”, Shahghasemi remarked.

 

 

 

She, saying that we are recently witnessing concepts such as sustainable knowledge society or Green knowledge society, pointed out: the world exceeded the sole reliance on data and information, and knowledge is a pivotal role in today's world, because the mere expansion of information flow, to achieve the opportunities for development is not enough.

Member of Culture and Communication of Iranian academic center for education, culture and research added: necessity, advantages, benefits and opportunities established by information and communication technologies have caused many countries to change their policies and programs toward the development of information society and at a higher level, "knowledge society".

Shahghasemi further stated: Iran in this direction with the formulation of the document "Vision 1404", designed its main goal: “first rank in economy, science and technology in the region," on the basis of this goal.

She added: since 2008 efforts of countries in order to implement information society indicators have been evaluated by international organizations such as the International Telecommunication Union.According to the latest report, Iran, after the two development plans, gained eighth rank among 11 countries in the region. Analyzing the rank of Iran in the last ten years shows that the promotion process of information and communication technologies in Iran is not favorable.

She added: The study of the evolution of discourse policies of information and communication technologies (ICT) in Iran, in three levels of meta-policy, macro-policy, and micro- policy showed that Iranian policies in this field are not comprehensive, integrated, and multidimensional. The common point in Iran's policy approach is emphasizing on the economic and technological dimensions.

She continued: Comparison of Iran's ICT policies in the development of ICT field and  the selected document from the world’s summit of information society showed that "The Fourth Development Plan" document was the one that coordinated most with the aforementioned document(wsis+10). Both documents discourse has been designed under the "discourse of the information society".

"Outlook 1404" document emphasizes the development of technology and is consistent with the international discourse in this regard. But the Fifth Development Plan document does not have an optimistic viewpoint toward the development of the information society and therefore, the discourse of this document is consistent with the discourse of critics of the information society that is named "discourse surveillance society", Shahghasemi remarked.

At the end she concluded: The discourse of the micro-policy document represents sovereignty of "the discourse of the information society" centering economy with an optimistic and positive viewpoint to ICT industry development. Therefore, the dominance of "information society discourse", on the overall, has been represented in Iran's documents. However, "knowledge society discourse" is absent in Iran's documents and in the document of Summit on the Information Society (wsis+10).

The second meeting of the UNESCO Chair of Cyberspace and Culture: Dual-Spacization of the World" finished with the students and professors' questions and answers in the Faculty of World Studies, Tehran University.